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You know those things that creep up onto our skin at any given time without warning us? Oh yeah, blackheads. Blackheads are the bane of our existence. Usually, they are the cause of oil, dirt, and debris that gather together on your nose and form pesky black dots.

However, we have good news on how to get rid of blackheads on your nose. It’s possible. Read on to find out more about these handy tricks!

Fact #1: Oil, Dirt, and Dead Skin Cell Buildup Is the Cause of Blackheads on Your Nose

Blackheads are essentially an accumulation of skin oil and dead cells that get trapped within the pores on the nose. Because the pores are large, the blockage is visible in the form of a black dot.

Fact #2: Warm Weather Is Also a Common Cause of Blackheads

While the weather itself doesn’t cause pores to ‘shrink’ or ‘open,’ because pores don’t have hinges to open or close them, it can affect the about 300,000 openings on our face that allow the healthy secretion of sweat and sebum. Excessive sweating under warm temperates is one of the various issues that can contribute to pores clogging, along with oil, dirt, and skin cells—once the gunk has oxidized and darkened, it creates blackheads. Warmth can cause vasodilation and relaxation of the erector pili muscles (the muscles that cause goosebumps), and this can make the opening of the pores appear enlarged.

Fact 3#: Using Products With Salicylic Acid Will Reduce Blackheads

Use treatments that prevent blockages from occurring and help remove what is already there. Your go-to ingredient should be salicylic acid. This beta-hydroxy acid helps remove excess oil and exfoliates dead cells from the skin surface. Look for a cleanser that contains 2% salicylic acid.

It is very importance to use a cleanser twice a day. To reduce the appearance of large pores, start by keeping them clean. Use a gentle cleanser twice a day, but you should also use it after you sweat to prevent oil from building up. Using an exfoliating cleanser once a week will also help because it breaks down dead skin cells that clog pores and can give your skin a smoother appearance.

Fact #4: Using Retinoids Will Minimize Pores and Reduce Bacteria Causing Blackheads

Retinoids like OTC Differin Gel can reduce the size of pores that have been enlarged as a result of clogging and sun damage. By applying a topical retinoid solution, you can dissolve bacteria that causes acne and treat sun damage at the same time. This affects them at the cellular level—mainly the follicular keratin cells that are part of the pore lining, which have become sluggish and have buildup, causing the pore wall to stretch. Retinoids have the ability to improve pore function by jump-starting surrounding cells with its cell-communicating abilities. This allows your pores to do what they should be doing before sun damage caused them to malfunction.

These pore-minimizing products contain ingredients that boost the skin’s production of glycosaminoglycans, which help to firm the skin around pores, minimizing their appearance. Glycosaminoglycans maintain and support collagen, elastin, and turgidity (bounce) in the cellular spaces and keep protein fibers in balance and proportion. It also promotes the ability of the collagen and elastin fibers to retain moisture, therefore remaining soluble.

Fact #5: Applying Sunscreen Will Keep Your Blackheads to a Minimum

You should always use sunscreen to protect your skin and keep large pores from becoming worse.

Fact #6: Specific Laser Treatments Can Help Reduce Blackheads

If blackheads continue to be a serious ailment for you, looking into a laser treatment such as the Fraxel might help. Fraxel is a fractional laser that works by causing controlled micro-injury to the skin, signaling surrounding skin to produce collagen which aids in reducing enlarged pores. This method of collagen stimulation benefits wrinkles, texture, and pore size.